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SAKHAROV PRIZE WON BY ALEXEI NAVALNY

SAKHAROV PRIZE WON BY ALEXEI NAVALNY

Context:

Alexei Navalny, an imprisoned Russian Opposition leader, lawyer, and anti-corruption activist was awarded the European Union’s top human rights prize called the Sakharov Prize.

Alexei Navalny:

  • He came to international prominence by organizing anti-government demonstrations and running for office to advocate reforms against corruption in Russia, and against President Vladimir Putin and his government.
  • Navalny was a Russian Opposition Coordination Council member.
  • He is the leader of the Russia of the Future party and the founder of the Anti-Corruption Foundation (FBK).

About Sakharov Prize:

  • The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought is generally known as the Sakharov Prize.
  • It is an honorary award for individuals or groups who have dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought.
  • It was established in December 1988 by the European Parliament.
  • It is named after Russian scientist and dissident Andrei Sakharov.
  •  The 1st prize was awarded jointly to South African Nelson Mandela and Russian Anatoly Marchenko.

How is the Award given?

  • A shortlist of nominees is made annually by the European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs and Committee on Development.
  • The MEPs who make up those committees then select a shortlist in September.
  • The final choice is given to The European Parliament's Conference of Presidents (President and political group's leaders) and the laureate's name is announced late in October.
  • The prize is awarded in a ceremony at the Parliament's Strasbourg hemicycle (round chamber) in December.
  •  The prize includes a monetary award of €50,000.

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