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SEA-TO-SEA VARIANT OF BRAHMOS SUPERSONIC MISSILE

SEA-TO-SEA VARIANT OF BRAHMOS SUPERSONIC MISSILE

Context:

On January 11, 2022, the Defence Research Development Organization test-fired the Brahmos Advanced Variant. It is a sea–to–sea variant of the Brahmos supersonic cruise missile tested from INS Vishakhapatnam.

About the Test Fire:

  • This is a step towards India becoming self-sufficient. Also, tests have confirmed the readiness of the Indian Navy.
  • The Brahmos was developed under a joint venture between India and Russia.
  • It can be launched into the air, sea, and land with a target range of 290 kilometres.
  • It is a supersonic cruise missile that is part of the BrahMos Aerospace.

Background:

  • India tested a land-attack version of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile in November 2020. It was tested from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

INS Vishakhapatnam:

  • It is an indigenously built missile destroyer.
  • It was built under Project 15B and was commissioned in November 2021.

Brahmos:

  • It is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile.
  • A combination of Brahmaputra and Moskva coined this name.
  • The first phase of the Brahmos engine is triggered by a solid rocket booster, the second phase with liquid ramjet.
  • The propellant used in the first phase is solid fuel, and the second phase is liquid fuel.

It can get high-speed Mach 2.0 to 2.8.

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