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SEMERU VOLCANO ERUPTED

SEMERU VOLCANO ERUPTED

Context

Recently, the Semeru volcano erupted in Indonesia’s East Java province.

Details

  • Semeru - also known as "The Great Mountain" - is the highest volcano in Java and one of the most active.
  • It previously erupted in December, 2019.
  • Semeru volcano is also the part of the Island arcs formed by the subduction of the Indo-Australian plate below Sunda Plate (part of Eurasian Plate).
  • The trench formed here is called Sunda trench whose major section is the Java Trench.
  • Indonesia, is prone to seismic upheaval due to its location on the Pacific’s Ring of Fire.
  • The Ring of Fire (also known as the Pacific Ring of Fire, the Rim of Fire, the Girdle of Fire or the Circum-Pacific belt) is a region around much of the rim of the Pacific Ocean where many volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur.
  • The Ring of Fire includes the Pacific coasts of South America, North America and Kamchatka, and some islands in the western Pacific Ocean.
  • The Ring of Fire is a direct result of plate tectonics: specifically the movement, collision and destruction of lithospheric plates under and around the Pacific Ocean.

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