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SHIJIAN-21 LAUNCHED BY CHINA

SHIJIAN-21 LAUNCHED BY CHINA

Context:

On October 24, 2021, China successfully launched a new satellite named Shijian-21. The satellite will be utilized to test and verify space debris mitigation technologies. The China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. (CASC) confirmed the launch success.

About the Launch:

  • It was launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in southwest China’s Sichuan Province.
  • It was lifted off in a Long March 3B sending Shijian-21 into a geosynchronous transfer orbit.
  • It marked the 393rd mission for the Long March series carrier rockets.

Significance of the Satellite:

  • Coupled with the fact that space debris mitigation technologies are “dual-use,” having both civilian and military applications, the satellite is likely to attract interest and scrutiny outside China.

List of satellites launched by China in 2021:

  • China launched its first solar observation satellite on October 14, 2021.
  • China sent a new satellite into space from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in Northwest China on Sept 27.

China National Space Administration (CNSA):

  • It is the national space agency of the People's Republic of China, responsible for the national space program and for planning and development of space activities.

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