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Telangana’s Kaleshwaram project: World's largest multi-stage, multipurpose lift irrigation project

Telangana’s Kaleshwaram project: World's largest multi-stage, multipurpose lift irrigation project

With Andhra Pradesh CM Jagan Reddy and Maharashtra CM Devendra Fadnavis, Telangana Chief Minister K. Chandrashekar Rao inaugurated the Kaleshwaram irrigation project, termed the "world's largest multi-stage, multipurpose lift irrigation project" on June 21.

The Kaleshwaram irrigation project was inaugurated with a series of programs at the project site in Jayashankar Bhupalpally district, near the borders with Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh.

The Rs 80,000 crore project, built on the Godavari river, will lift the water to a height of half-a-kilometer and is expected It is expected to irrigate 45 lakh acres in 20 of the 31 districts in Telangana for two crops a year and take care of 70% of the drinking water needs of the state.

Features of the project

  • The project would also help in supplying drinking water to one crore population in Greater Hyderabad on a daily basis.
  • The irrigation project is proposed to divert 195 tmcft of water from Godavari to irrigate 45 lakh acres of farmland besides supplying water for drinking purposes and industrial needs.
  • It can lift 2 tmcft of water every day. Efforts are on to add one more tmcft from the next year.
  • It has world’s longest tunnel route of 203 km and utilisation of 139 MW maximum capacity pumps which were never used anywhere in the country.
  • The uniqueness of the project is the biggest and crucial underground pumping station at Ramadugu (package 8) in Karimnagar district. If all the seven electrical pumps, each of 139 MW are switched on together, they can discharge 21,000 cusecs of water which is a rare feat in irrigation sector.
  • Ramadugu pumping station is located at the 330 metre depth. For the first time such constructions were made under the ground.
  • It is estimated that the project would require about 7,000 MW of power once the project is fully operational.
  • The project has set many records with the world’s longest water tunnels, aqueducts, underground surge pools, and biggest pumps.

Maharashtra extended full cooperation to Telangana for the construction of the project. In 2016, the two states signed agreements to solve inter-state disputes, paving the way for the mega project. The foundation stone for the project in Telangana was laid in 2016. It is built in three years record time period.

Godavari River

The Godavari is India's second longest river after the Ganga. Its source is in Triambakeshwar, Maharashtra. It flows east for 1,465 kilometres, draining the states of Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha,ultimately emptying into the Bay of Bengal through its extensive network of tributaries.

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