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The Brown to Green Report

The Brown to Green Report

The Brown to Green Report is the most comprehensive review of climate actions of G20 nations. This report covers 80 indicators on decarbonisation, climate policies, finance and vulnerability and is developed by experts from 14 research organisations.

About G20:

There are around 20 members in the G20 grouping, including India. This Grouping was established with the aim of discussing policies which pertain to the promotion of international financial stability. Collectively, the grouping accounts for 90% of the world GDP with two-thirds of the world population and 80% of world trade.

Key Points:

  • The Summary of the Report 2019 provides an overview of all the G20 countries, on how they are doing on the journey to transition towards a net-zero emissions economy.
  • G20 countries are responsible for 80 per cent of global Greenhouse Gas emissions. To stay within the Paris Agreement temperature limit, the emissions need to be drastically reduced. Carbon dioxide emissions need to decline to net-zero by around 2050.
  • Between 1998 and 2017, the G20 countries lost 142 billion USD on an average due to extreme weather events.
  • According to the report, India is the only country which is close to 1.5-degree Celsius temperature rise.
  • Around 181 countries were taken for the ranking where Russia, Germany, France, Italy, and India were the highest-ranked countries that faced economic losses from extreme weather events.
  • According to the report, Australia was seen as the worst-performing country in terms of climate response.
  • Germany and Brazil were the only two countries with long term goals.

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