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The Constitution-126th amendment bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha on December 9, 2019

The Constitution-126th amendment bill, 2019 was introduced in Lok Sabha on December 9, 2019

The bill seeks to extend by ten years the reservation given to Scheduled Castes (SC), and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in Lok Sabha and State assemblies. This was introduced in Lok Sabha on 9th December 2019.

Key Points:

  • A similar reservation which was for the Anglo-Indian community and state assemblies is not being extended in the Lok Sabha.
  • The reservation that is given to SCs, STs and the Anglo-Indian community for the past 70 years is to end on January 25, 2020.
  • As of now, there are only 296 members of the Anglo-Indian community.

Article 334:

A-334 lays down that the provisions for reservation of seats and special representation of Anglo-Indians, SC and ST will cease after 40 years. The clause was included in the year 1949. After 40 years, it is being amended with an extension of 10 years.

Constitutional Amendment:

  • Article 368 of Part XX of the Indian Constitution provides two types of amendments.

     1. By a special majority of Parliament and, 

     2. By a special majority of the Parliament with the ratification by half of the total states. 

  • But, some of the other articles provide for the amendment of certain provisions of the Constitution by a simple majority of the Parliament, that is, a majority of the members of each House present and voting (which is similar to the ordinary legislative process). 

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