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The Rising threat of Nuclear War

The Rising threat of Nuclear War

The world seems close to the threat of nuclear use, according to the report published by United Nations. The nuclear arms race initially started between the USA and USSR in the 1950s have come to a point where more than 6 countries are supposed to have nuclear weapons.

Ms. Nakamitsu, the UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, was among the speakers at the opening of the preparatory meeting that began today in Geneva for the 2020 NPT review conference.

Nuclear Proliferation Treaty

NPT came into force in 1970 at the height of the Cold War and.

The NPT is a multilateral treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons including three elements: (1) non-proliferation, (2) disarmament, and (3) peaceful use of nuclear energy. These elements constitute a “grand bargain” between the five nuclear weapon states and the non-nuclear weapon states.  

  • States without nuclear weapons will not acquire them.
  • States with nuclear weapons will pursue disarmament.
  • All states can access nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, under safeguards.

Despite countries signing the NPT they still modernise their nuclear stocks and keep it as their central defence mechanism. All 5 members of UN Security Council are party of NPT but still they keep stockpiling and modernising their nuclear arsenals.

India, Pakistan and Israel have never signed the NPT. Israel which never acknowledged having nuclear weapons is supposedly understood as having it.

Recently, Iran has threatened to scrap the NPT deal if USA continues its sanctions. Similarly, North Korea’s missile program has threatened the peace in East Asia.

Nuclear arms proved a crucial element during the Cold War period as both parties (USA and USSR) refrained from using it as there will be a mutual destruction. However, now more than 7 countries are having nuclear weapons and it becomes difficult to manage.

 

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