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THIS DAY IN HISTORY

Birth of Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Early Life

  • He was born on 19th  October 1910 in Lahore, Pakistan(present-day). He was the nephew of C.V Raman.

Scientific Achievement’s/Contributions

  • In 1928, he published his first scientific paper in the Proceedings of the Royal Society titled Compton Scattering and the New Statistics.
  • He developed the theory of white dwarf stars, which showed that a star of mass greater than 1.45 times the mass of the sun could not become a white dwarf and this theory is now known as the Chandrasekhar limit.
  • In 1933, after obtaining his doctorate, he was awarded the Prize Fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • In 1937, he accepted the position of Research Associate at the University of Chicago, where he stayed throughout his career.
  • In 1952, He became the Morton D. Hall Distinguished Service Professor in Astronomy and Astrophysics.
  • In 1952 he established the Astrophysical Journal and for 19 years as an Editor, he transformed it from a local publication of the University of Chicago into the national journal of the American Astronomical Society.
  • He later became a US citizen in 1958.
  • He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of London and received the Society’s Royal Medal in 1962.
  • In 1966, He received the US National Medal of Science.
  • In 1983, He was awarded Nobel prize for Physics for his theoretical work on the physical processes of importance to the structure of stars and their evolution.
  • He guided over fifty students to their PhD’s and few of them went on to win the Nobel prize in Physics.
  • His research explored nearly all branches of theoretical astrophysics.
  • He published ten books, each covering a different topic, including one on the relationship between art and science.

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