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THIS DAY IN HISTORY

26th October 1947: Maharaja Hari Singh agrees to the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India

Raja Hari Singh was hesitant to accede to either India or Pakistan, as either would provoke adverse reaction in his kingdom. He signed the standstill agreement with Pakistan and proposed one with India as well, but it announced that it wishes to remain independent However, his rule was opposed by Sheikh Abdullah of the National Conference who demanded abdication(renouncing the throne). Pakistan, attemptS to force the issue of Kashmir’s accession, cut off supply and transport links. The chaos in Punjab resulting from partition had also severed transport links with India, meaning Kashmir’s only link with both was through air. After Oct 1947, Pathan tribesmen from Northwest Frontier Province crossed the border and entered Kashmir. (disputed that they were aided by Pakistan) These invaders made rapid progress towards Srinagar and on their way looted, killed and raped thousands – Hindus, Muslims & Sikhs.

The Maharaja asked India’s military assistance India put 2 conditions to this:

(a) signing of Instrument of Accession

(b) setting up of an interim government under Sheikh Abdullah

The Maharaja agreed. Nehru declared that this accession will be confirmed by a Plebiscite later Indian troops secured jammu, Srinagar and the valley itself – 1st Kashmir wars (1947-48)

  • Operation Vijay, Operation Gulab and Operation Eraze
  • Operation Bison- Ladakh
  • Operation Easy – Poonch

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