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THIS DAY IN HISTORY

22 - November - 1773: Robert Clive, English occupier (India), passed away at the age of 48.

Robert Clive was appointed as Clerk in the service of the East India Company in 1743. The Seize of Arcot (1761) during the Second Carnatic War gave a major boost to his career and he became deputy governor of Fort St. David at Cuddalore in 1755. From 1758 to 1760 and then 1765 to 1767, he remained Governor of the Presidency of Fort William.

During his tenure, British East India Company won battle of Plassey, Battle of Chinsura and Battle of Buxar. These battles paved the way for British conquest of Northern India. Clive also imposed Dual system of administration in Bengal which ruined its economy.

Clive introduced certain reforms with a view to improving the administration of the Company. Regarding Civil services –

  • He asked all servants of the Company to take an oath not to take bribe and presents.
  • Transferred junior servants in Bengal to Madras and called in senior servants from there.
  • Gave monopoly of trade in salt, tobacco and betel nut to a Board of trade. The profit of this trade was to be distributed among the servants of the Company. The scheme, however, was dropped in 1768.

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