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THIS DAY IN HISTORY

27 - November - 1001

Sultan Mehmud of Ghazni began his first real expedition to India by defeating the Hindu King Jaipal. He won Afghanisthan and Punjab in Peshawar battle. This was the first major Muslim conquest in India.

  • He was the king of Ghazni who ruled from 971 to 1030 AD. He was the son of Subuktgeen.
  • He invaded Bhatia in 1005 AD.
  • He invaded Multan in 1006 AD. During this time, Ananda Pala attacked him.
  • He attacked and crushed Sukha Pala, ruler of Bhatinda in 1007 AD.
  • He attacked Nagarkot in the Punjab hills in 1011 AD.
  • He attacked the shahi kingdom under Anand Pala and defeated him in the Battle of Waihind, the Hind shahi capital near Peshawar in 1013 AD.
  • He captured Thanesar in 1014 AD.
  • He attacked Kashmir in 1015 AD.
  • He attacked Mathura in 1018 AD and defeated a coalition of rulers, including a ruler called Chandra Pala.
  • He conquered Kanauj in 1021 AD by defeating Kanauj King Chandella Gauda.
  • He was invaded and conquered by Mahmud Ghazni attacked Gwalior and conquered in 1023 AD.
  • He attacked the Somnath temple in 1025 AD to loot the wealth amassed inside the temple.
  • He died in 1030 AD due to Malaria during his last invasion.

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