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THIS DAY IN HISTORY

8 - January – 1884:     Keshav Chander Sen, the nationalist leader of Bengal, social worker and good orator of Brahma Samaj, passed away

About Keshab Chandra Sen

  • He was born on 19 November 1838 in Kolkata. He joined the Brahmo Samaj in 1857 and was considered to be a youthful entity of the movement. His activities included:
  • During this time in 1860, the Sangat Sabha was established – which was a society of fellow believers to promote mutual spiritual intercourse amongst its members. This sabha sowed the seeds of new Brahmoism in syncretism with tenets of Christianity so as to form a truly universal religion. Thus he significantly enlarged Brahmoism and made it more inclusive.
  • He along with the Brahmo Samaj of India toiled with due diligence on the upliftment of girls and their education.
  • In 1862 he helped found the Albert College and was also instrumental in the launching of the Bethune College for ladies and a number of schools in general.
  • He has also spread the goodwill of their philosophy by extensively travelling all over India especially in the south and also through the paper “dharma tattwa” and the weekly ”Indian Mirror”.
  • He also created a syncretic religious philosophy called the “The New Dispensation” which promoted a fraternity, love and also chastised the evils that persisted and enunciated the ideology “God is Conscience”.
  • He also started the “Indian Reform Association”.
  • He was also considered close to Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and also incorporated his ideologies.

About Brahmo Samaj

  • It was founded in Calcutta in 1828 by Ram Mohun Roy.
  • It does not accept the authority of the Vedas, has no faith in avatars (incarnations), and does not insist on belief in karma (causal effects of past deeds) or samsara (the process of death and rebirth).
  • It discards Hindu rituals and adopts some Christian practices in its worship. Influenced by Islam and Christianity, it denounces polytheism, image worship, and the caste system.

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