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TIPU SULTAN - GARDEN CONTROVERSY

TIPU SULTAN - GARDEN CONTROVERSY

Context:

Mysore King Tipu Sultan is at the centre of controversy in the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation, over attempts to name a garden after him in Govandi, a suburb in Eastern Mumbai.

About Tipu Sultan:

  • He was born in November 1750.
  • He was Haidar Ali’s son and a great warrior, also known as the Tiger of Mysore.
  • He was a well educated man fluent in Persian, Kanarese, Arabic and Urdu.

Tipu Sultan’s Reign:

  • Tipu introduced several administrative innovations during his rule, including a new Mauludi lunisolar calendar, his coinage, and a new land revenue system which started the growth of Mysore silk industry.
  • He organised his army on the European model with Persian words of command.
  • Though he took the help of the French officers to train his soldiers, he never allowed them to develop into a pressure group.
  • He set up a Board of Admiralty in 1796 and planned for a fleet of 22 battleships and 20 large frigates.

Famous Wars Fought By Tipu Sultan:

  • 1767-69: Treaty of Madras was signed.
  • 1780-84: Treaty of Mangalore was signed.
  • 1790-92: Treaty of Seringapatam was signed.
  • 1799: Subsidiary Alliance was signed.

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