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A river is a naturally flowing freshwater watercourse that runs towards an ocean, sea, lake, or another river. The study of the river's journey necessitates compiling a list of the world's top 10 longest rivers, along with their lengths and routes. Understanding the river's route might also help you comprehend the area's demography.

Key Points

There are a few essential factors to consider while determining the world's longest river:

  • The river's beginning (the point/source from whence the river flows)
  • The river mouth (the point where the river empties into the sea, ocean, or estuary)

With an overview of ten of the world's longest and largest rivers, their countries of origin, and length, the country's population must also be comprehended.

A detailed description of the top 10 longest rivers in the world

  1. Nile River- (length- 6650 Km) – The Nile River is regarded as the longest river on the planet. The Nile River is approximately 6650 kilometres long. Lake Victoria is assumed to be the river's source. The river passes through Egypt, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Burundi, Sudan, and South Sudan. The Blue and White Niles are the river's two tributaries. Although most of us consider the Nile River the world's longest river, other scholars feel the Amazon River is the true winner. Large rivers, like the Nile and the Amazon, have numerous origins and numerous large and small tributaries.
  2. The Amazon River- (length- 6575 Km) – In terms of water flow volume, the Amazon River is without a doubt the world's largest river. However, its claim to being the world's second-longest river is widely contested, as Egypt's Nile River has long held the title. The source of the disagreement is the debate over Amazon's origins. According to a study published in 2014, Amazon started in the Cordillera Rumi Cruz.
  3. The Yangtze River- (length-6300 Km) – The Yangtze River is the third-longest river globally and the world's longest river that runs entirely within a single country. It is also the longest river in Asia. The Yangtze River basin is home to one-third of the population of China, the world's most populated country. The Chinese government has historically identified the Tuotuo tributary in the Tanggula Mountains as the river's source. The Yangtze River's source, according to new information, is on Jari Hill, where the Dam Qu tributary's headwaters arise. The Yangtze River, which drains into the East China Sea at Shanghai, is formed by these and other tributaries.
  4. The Mississippi River- (length- 6275Km) – The Mississippi, Missouri, and Jefferson rivers comprise the fourth-longest river system globally. The river system drains 31 US states as well as two Canadian provinces. The Mississippi River is supposed to begin in northern Minnesota's Lake Itasca and subsequently flows into the Gulf of Mexico. The Mississippi–Missouri–Jefferson river system is formed when the Jefferson River is considered the Mississippi River's farthest source.
  5. The Yenisei River- (length-5539 Km) – This is the world's fifth-longest river system and the largest in the Arctic Ocean. The Selenge River is the headwaters of the river system. The Selenge River is 992 kilometres long and drains into Lake Baikal. The Angara River travels through Russia's Irkutsk Oblast before joining the Yenisei River near Strelka, beginning near Listvyanka in Lake Baikal. Finally, the Yenisei empties into the Arctic Ocean. There was a total distance of 5,539 kilometres travelled.
  6. The Yellow River- (length- 5464 Km) – This huge river, also known as the Huang He, is named by the colour of the water, which is caused by massive amounts of loose debris. Its basin is considered the birthplace of ancient Chinese civilisation. It has enormous symbolic and practical value for the country.
  7. The Ob-Irtysh River- (length- 5410 Km) – The Ob-Irtysh, often known as the Ob River, is one of the three major Siberian Rivers and the Yenisei and the Lena. It starts in the Altas Mountains and flows into the Arctic Ocean.
  8. The Parana River (length- 4880 Km) – The Parana River flows through South America and is one of the world's longest and second-largest rivers. Its name comes from the Tupi term para rehe onáva, which translates to "like the sea."
  9. The Congo River- (length- 4700 Km) – The Congo River, originally known as the Zaire River, travels across Africa's continent in a curving path and is the only river to cross the equator twice. It's also the world's deepest river, reaching depths of nearly 700 feet in some spots.
  10. The Amur River- (length- 4480 Km) – The Amur River, also known as the Heilong Jiang, is the tenth longest river in the world, running along the border between China and Russia in northeastern China. Heilong Jiang means "black dragon river" in Chinese, but Amur is thought to be derived from the phrase "water."

Sl. No.


Length in km


Nile River

6650 Km


The Amazon River

6575 Km


Yangtze River

6300 Km


Mississippi River



Yenisei River

5539 Km


Yellow River

5464 Km


Ob-Irtysh River

5410 Km


Parana River

4880 Km


Congo River

4700 Km


Amur River

4480 Km

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