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ANCIENT HISTORY

Indian Stone Age  :

  • Old stone Age, Palaeolithic Age (5,00,000−10,000 BCE )
  • Late Stone Age, Mesolithic Age (10,000−6000 BCE )
  • New Stone Age, Neolithic Age (6,000−1000 BCE )

Palaeolithic Age

  • The Palaeolithic Age is the earliest period of the Stone Age, which developed in the Pleistocene period or the Ice Age.
  • It was spread in practically all parts of India except the alluvial plains of the Indus and Ganga.
  • The Palaeolithic man of India is said to have belonged to the Negrito race and lived in caves and rock shelters.
  • They were food gathering people who lived on hunting and gathering wild fruits and vegetables.
  • They had no knowledge of agriculture, house building, pottery, or any metal. It was only in later stages that they attained the knowledge of fire.

Mesolithic Age

The Mesolithic Age represents the intermediate stage in Stone Age Culture. Both Mesolithic and Neolithic Cultures belong to the Holocene era (which succeeded in the Pleistocene era around 10,000 years ago). The Mesolithic man lived on hunting, fishing and food gathering.

The Mesolithic era initiated rock art in pre-history. In 1867, the first rock paintings in India were discovered at Sohagighat (Kaimur Hills, UP). Now, over 150 Mesolithic rock art sites have been discovered across India, with a rich concentration in Central India such as the Bhimbetka Caves, Kharwar, Jaora, and Kathotia (M.P.), Sundargarh and Sambalpur (Orissa), Ezhuthu Guha (Kerala).

Neolithic age

In northern India, the Neolithic age emerged around c.8000−6000 BCE . At some places in south and eastern India, it is as late as 1000 BCE .

  • The Neolithic man cultivated land and grew fruits & corn like ragi and horse gram ( kulathi ). He domesticated cattle, sheep, and goats.
  • The Neolithic man innovated in the production of stone tools, producing implements such as polished, pecked, and ground stone tools.
  • The Neolithic era communities first made pottery by hand and then with the help of the potter’s wheel.

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