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TWENTY FOUR VILLAGES OF ODISHA RECEIVED COMMUNITY RIGHTS (CR) AND COMMUNITY FOREST RESOURCE RIGHTS (CRFF) TITLES

TWENTY FOUR VILLAGES OF ODISHA RECEIVED COMMUNITY RIGHTS (CR) AND COMMUNITY FOREST RESOURCE RIGHTS (CRFF) TITLES

Context:

On November 2, 2021, Twenty four villages in Odisha’s Nayagarh district received 14 community rights (CR) and community forest resource rights (CFRR) titles.

Key Highlights:

  • They were granted the titles under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (known as FRA), 2006 and the 2012 amendment.
  • It is reported that this is the first time that traditional management systems have been recognised for title distribution in India.
  • Apart from the scheduled tribes, it includes several villages lived by other traditional forest dwellers.

About the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006:

  • FRA grants Gram Sabhas the “right to protect, conserve, regenerate, or manage any community forest resource which they have traditionally protected and conserved for sustainable use”. 
  • It recognizes the rights of the forest-dwelling tribal communities and other traditional forest dwellers to forest resources, on which these communities were dependent for a variety of needs.
  • It respects the rights of forest-dwelling communities and other traditional forest dwellers in the resources of the forest, on which these communities rely for a variety of needs, including livelihood, shelter and other social and cultural needs.

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