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UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2019

UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2019

This is the tenth edition of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Emissions Gap Report.

It provides the latest assessment of scientific studies on current and estimated future greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and compares these with the emission levels permissible for the world to progress on a least-cost pathway to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement.  This difference between “where we are likely to be and where we need to be” has become known as the ‘emissions gap’.

Few Important points to be taken from the report:

UNEP’s annual Emissions Gap Report says that even if all current unconditional commitments under the Paris Agreement are implemented, temperatures are expected to rise by 3.2°C, bringing even wider-ranging and more destructive climate impacts. Collective ambition must increase more than fivefold over current levels to deliver the cuts needed over the next decade for the 1.5°C goal. On current unconditional pledges, the world is heading for a 3.2°C temperature rise. Technologies and policy knowledge exist to cut emissions, but transformations must begin now.

G20 nations account for 78 per cent of all emissions, but 15 G20 members have not committed to a timeline for net-zero emissions. India is among the few countries that are on track to meeting their Paris commitments. China, US, India and the EU are the top four greenhouse gas emitters. UNEP’s report says that India is not only on track but will over-achieve its target by about 15 per cent. It calls upon India to revisit its target and make it more ambitious.

UNEP:

  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system, and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
  • UNEP work includes assessing global, regional and national environmental conditions and trends; developing international and national environmental instruments; and strengthening institutions for the wise management of the environment.
  • It is headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya.

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