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UNICEF REPORT ON LEAD POISONING

UNICEF REPORT ON LEAD POISONING

Context

Recent UNICEF report on Lead Poisoning

Details

  • As per the recent study, around 1 in 3 children which is up to 800 million globally has blood lead levels at or above 5 micrograms per decilitre (µg/dL).
  • Its level requires global and regional interventions according to the World Health Organization and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Report on Lead Poisoning

As per the joint report by UNICEF and Pure Earth,

  • Lead is a potent neurotoxin that causes irreparable harm to children’s brains.
  • It is particularly destructive to babies and children under the age of 5.
  • it damages their brain before they have had the opportunity to fully develop, causing them lifelong neurological, cognitive and physical impairment.
  • Its exposure has also been linked to mental health and behavioural problems and an increase in crime and violence.
  • Lead poisoning is a much greater threat to the health of children than previously understood.

Sources and routes of exposure of Lead Poisoning

  • Inhalation of lead particles generated by burning materials containing lead, for example, during smelting, recycling, stripping leaded paint, and using leaded gasoline or leaded aviation fuel; and
  • Ingestion of lead-contaminated dust, water (from leaded pipes), and food (from lead-glazed or lead-soldered containers).

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