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UNSC Reforms and India: The Reality

UN Security Council Reform: India and the Reality 

United Nations Security Council: A short introduction

  • The UN Security Council is the most important arm of the United Nations.
  • Unlike General Assembly resolutions, Security Council can pass binding orders.
  • The 5 permanent members--US, China, France, Russia and UK-- have even more powers in the form of veto rights.
  • The permanent members of the Security Council were chosen to reflect the prevailing power balance in the world after World War 2.
  • This was done to give legitimacy to the UN to overcome the shortcomings of its predecessor League of Nations. But times have changed now, and the Security Council is no longer representative of the world order.
  • It is imperative that India takes its place as a permanent member of the Security Council to be able to better represent developing nations.

Why it’s important for India?

  • India can tackle human rights violations in neighbor countries SriLanka (After civil war crimes), Myanmar (Rohyiangya Muslims), Afghanistan (Gender inequality) with more authority and can bring them to notice of UNSC.
  • India can put its requirements and ask for more funds from UN contribution as part of Social and economic development of third world countries.
  • Indian diaspora across will also benefits if any issues arise like unfair treatment to diplomats, racial attacks, providing equal opportunities in foreign countries.
  • As regional representation increases, India could represent other countries to stop western forces (USA, UK, France) from promoting their vested interests like Invasion of Iraq, bombing of Libya, non-recognition of Palestine state are few examples.
  • Indian Ocean can be declared as "Zone of Peace". This will stop China from deploying submarines in strategic locations engulfing India with its jingoistic "String of Pearls" policy.

Perceptions and Reality:

  • UK and France are not any more global power and even their contribution to UN are decreasing. The present membership doesn’t reflect the changed geo-political reality.
  • It’s not that only India deserves to be a member; Brazil, Japan, Germany and South Africa also deserves to be on the board. Each other supports each other for the inclusion at UNSC.
  • However, India is opposed by China and Pakistan; Japan is opposed by China and South Korea; Germany by east European countries and South Africa by many African neighbours.
  • In the beginning of 2018 US representative said “the key to India becoming a permanent member of the UNSC is "not to touch the veto."” So it is clear that US, Russia and China are ready to reform the UNSC provided their veto power is not shared with new members. However, it would be like tiger without teeth.
  • Given the complexities involved in reforming the UN, India’s becoming a permanent member is a long shot.

 

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