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U.S. DEFENCE BUDGET AND INDO-PACIFIC STRATEGY

Context

President Joe Biden announced a planned USD 1.8 billion to promote the United States' Indo-Pacific strategy. Another USD 400 million has been pledged to address China's negative behaviour.

Key Points

  • These statements are part of the US government's USD 773 billion yearly defence budget until 2023.
  • This budget was presented to the US Congress by the White House.
  • The US has pledged USD 1.8 billion to support an open and free Indo-Pacific region that is secure, connected, and resilient.
  • The Chinese Malign Influence Fund has been allocated USD 400 million.
  • Ukraine has also been allocated USD 682 million, an increase of USD 219 million from the previous year.

The role of the United States in the Indo-Pacific

  • The United States' involvement in the Indo-Pacific area is being bolstered. 
  • It's also aiming to strengthen ties with long-time allies and partners. 
  • New defence and security, diplomatic, emergent and essential technologies, supply chain, global health, and climate initiative tie-ups will all be on the table for the US.

Highlighting the country's competition with China

  • The United States has prioritised the strategic challenge it faces from China, collaborating with partners and allies to prevent and deter Chinese and Russian aggression. China has been mentioned as a potential source of the difficulty.

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