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US President Trump signs Directive to create a Military Space Force

US President Trump signs Directive to create a Military Space Force

The US President Donald Trump on Feb 19 signed Space Policy Directive – 4.

He directed Pentagon to establish Space Force as the 6th branch of United States Military. Presently, there are 5 branches - Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard.

However, before it becomes effective, the Congress must approve the presidential directive.

Military Space Force

The Space Force would initially reside within the Department of the Air Force, much as the Marine Corps is part of the U.S. Navy. 

It will require development of three divisions:

  1. Establish a Space Development Agency – This is an agency tasked with developing and testing new and improved national-security capabilities and technology in space.
  2. Establish a Space Operations Force – This force will be a collection of space experts from throughout the military who will provide needed expertise to combat commanders and anyone else throughout the Space Force.
  3. Create a United States Space Command – Led by a four-star general or flag officer, the new space command would direct and improve operations for space war fighting.

IS there any need of Space Force?

Russia and China are the U.S.'s two greatest space competitors and also potential military threats. And both have demonstrated formidable space capabilities.

China has investing in hypersonic missiles capable of evading U.S. detection. And both Russia and China had integrated anti-satellite attacks as part of their wartime protocols.

What about India?

Indian Prime Ministers from PV Narshimha Rao to present PM Narendra Modi have reiterated the need to retain space as a weapons-free area and underscored the need to jointly secure the space.

However, some steps have been taken in recent years as Russia and more importantly China is developing Kinetic Weapons to destroy anything in the space.

Indian government has directed to create a Defence Space Agency which will draw personnel from all the three forces.

The Space agency will deal with issues such as these and work in close coordination with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).

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