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Vocab Express- 385

Vocab Express- 385

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express-384 here

(i) Harrowing (Adj.): acutely distressing.

Pronunciation:  हेरोइंग

Hindi Translations: शोकजनक, खौफ़नाक, दु:खद, क्लेश देने वाला, भावनाओं को चोट पहुँचाने वाला

Synonyms:  Agonizing, Painful, Excruciating, Appalling, Horrendous, Torturous, Distressing, Frightful

Antonyms: Good, Beautiful, Pleasing, Reasonable, Strong, Advantageous, Agreeable, Attractive, Beauteous

Usage: I know it's harrowing for you, but think hard.

Meaning: मुझे पता है कि यह आपके लिए दुःखदायक है, लेकिन जोर देकर सोचो।

(ii) Polity (N.): a form or process of civil government or constitution.

Pronunciation:  पालटी / पालिटी

Hindi Translations: राजतंत्र, राज्य, सरकार, सिर, हुकूमत, राज्यतंत्र, राज्यव्यवस्था, राज्य-शासन-विधि,  व्यवस्थित समाज

Synonyms:  Country, Nation, Commonwealth, State, Land, Policy, Administration, Government

Antonyms: Absolutism, Authoritarianism, Autocracy, Despotism, Junta, Kingdom, Kingdom, Realm

Usage: The greatest level of polity - political organisation - is democratic self-government.

Meaning: राजनीति का सबसे बड़ा स्तर - राजनीतिक संगठन - लोकतांत्रिक स्वशासन है।

(iii) Indemnify (V.): compensate (someone) for harm or loss.

Pronunciation:  इन्डेम्नफाइ

Hindi Translations: बीमा करना, क्षतिपूर्ति करना, दण्ड देना, सुरक्षित रखना, टोटा भरना, बीमा कराना, परित्राण देना, हर्जाना देना

Synonyms:  Compensate, Reimburse, Recompense, Remunerate, Repay, Redress, Requite, Pay

Antonyms: Owe, Burden, Chafe, Destabilize, Disconcert, Embezzle, Expend, Exposure, Heap

Usage: The insurance company will indemnify you for the loss incurred.

Meaning: बीमा कंपनी जो नुकसान पहुंचा है उसके लिए आपको क्षतिपूर्ति करेगी।

(iv) Passé (Adj.): no longer fashionable; out of date.

Pronunciation:  पैसे / पैसै

Hindi Translations: अप्रचलित, पुराना, फीका, विवर्ण, पुराने ढंग का, कालविरुद्ध

Synonyms:  Obsolete, Demode, Old-Fashioned, Out-Of-Date, Antique, Antiquated, Dated, Outmoded, Archaic

Antonyms: Classy, Modern

Usage: Her ideas on food are distinctly passe.

Meaning: भोजन पर उनके विचार स्पष्ट रूप से अप्रचलित हैं।

(v) Adamant (N.): a legendary rock or mineral to which many, often contradictory, properties were attributed, formerly associated with diamond or lodestone.

Pronunciation:  ऐडमन्ट

Hindi Translations: अटल, मणि, वज्र, हीरा, कठोर पदार्थ, दृढ़, सख्त, वज्रसार, कठोर

Synonyms:  Firm, Iron, Diamond, Black Diamond, Carbon, Infield, Lodestone

Antonyms: Acquiesce

Usage: I am adamant about it.

Meaning: मैं इसके बारे में दृढ़ हूँ।

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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