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Vocab Express- 470

Vocab Express- 470

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express- 469 here

(i) Forfeit (N.): a fine or penalty for wrongdoing or for a breach of the rules in a club or game.

Pronunciation: फॉर्फिट

Hindi Translations: ज़ब्त वस्तु, अर्थदंड, जुरमाना, जुर्माना, दण्ड, ज़ब्ती, जब्त की हुई वस्तु

Synonyms:  Penalty, Fine, Loss, Forfeiture, Sacrifice, Mulct, Cost, Damages, Amercement, Expense, Charge

Antonyms: Win, Gain, Victory, Claim, Triumph, Conquest, Grant, Disposal, Redemption, Gift, Freely, Charge

Usage: If you cancel now I'm afraid you forfeit your deposit.

Meaning: अगर आप अभी रद्द करते हैं तो मुझे डर है कि आपकी जमा राशि जब्त कर लेंगे।

(ii) Prostrate (V.): lay oneself flat on the ground face downward, especially in reverence or submission.

Pronunciation: प्रास्ट्रेट / प्रास्ट्रैट

Hindi Translations: निस्सहाय कर देना, पछाड़ना, नष्ट करना, गिरा देना, नाक रगड़ना, साष्टांग प्रणाम करना, दण्डवत करना, पांव पकड़ना

Synonyms:  Overcome, Floor, Flatten, Exhausted, Weary, Worn Out, Knock Down, Exhaust, Cripple, Level, Overwhelm

Antonyms: Erect, Fight, Stand, Aid, Assist, Help, Please, Soothe, Straighten, Assuage

Usage: The illness left her prostrate for several weeks.

Meaning: बीमारी ने कई हफ्तों तक उसे निस्सहाय कर दिया।

(iii) Grouchy (Adj.): irritable and bad-tempered; grumpy; complaining.

Pronunciation: ग्राउची / ग्रूशी

Hindi Translations: चिड़चिड़ा    

Synonyms:  Peevish, Cross, Grumpy, Testy, Irritable, Crabby, Cantankerous, Cranky, Petulant, Bad-Tempered, Ill-Tempered, Irascible

Antonyms: Happy, Pleasant, Pleased, Pleasant, Complimentary, Pleasant, Content, Pleasant, Satisfied, Pleasant, Easy-Going, Good-Natured, Pleasant, Gracious, Good-Tempered, Affable, Friendly, Genial

Usage: Don't be so grouchy!

Meaning: इतना चिड़चिड़ा मत बनो!

(iv) Veracity (V.): conformity to facts; accuracy.

Pronunciation: वरैसिटी

Hindi Translations: सच्चाई, सत्यता

Synonyms:  Truth, Verity, Authenticity, Honesty, Accuracy, Reality, Fact, Precision, Actuality, Truthfulness, Sincerity

Antonyms: Deceitfulness, Dishonesty, Falsity, Hypocrisy, Bullshit, Falsehood, Lie, Deceit, Fiction, Untruth, Untruthfulness, Mendacity

Usage: I don't doubt the veracity of your report.

Meaning: मुझे आपकी रिपोर्ट की सत्यता पर संदेह नहीं है।

(v) Fallacy (N.): a mistaken belief, especially one based on unsound argument.

Pronunciation: फैलसी

Hindi Translations: अशुद्धि, दोष, धोखा, भांति, भुलावा, भ्रांति, झूठा तर्क

Synonyms:  Delusion, Error, Misconception, Mistake, Falsehood, Illusion, Deception, Inconsistency, Untruth, Flaw, Heresy, Sophism

Antonyms: Fact, Truth, Honesty, Reality, Concept, Construct, Durability, Definition, Faithfulness, Delicacy, Excellence, Exactness

Usage: He detected the fallacy of her argument.

Meaning: उन्होंने उसके तर्क के झूठ का पता लगाया।

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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