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Vocab Express- 501

Vocab Express- 501

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express- 500 here

(i) Pith (N.): soft or spongy tissue in plants or animals, in particular.

Pronunciation: पिथ

Hindi Translations: सार, सारांश, गूदा, तत्व, निचोड़, बल, मज्जा, महत्त्व, रस, शक्ति

Synonyms:  heart, core, essence, marrow, substance, gist, kernel, nucleus, meat, nub, quintessence

Antonyms: side, outskirts, outside, weakness, contour, ennui, fatigue, levity, light-heartedness, demeanour, exteriority, insignificance

Usage: That was the pith of his argument.

Meaning: वह उनके तर्क का सारांश था।

(ii) Injurious (Adj.): causing or likely to cause damage or harm.

Pronunciation: इन्जुरीअस

Hindi Translations: अनिष्टकर, अपकारी, अपमानजनक, अहितकर, क्षतिकर, दुखदाई, हानिकारक, हानि पहुंचाने वाला, पीड़ाकर

Synonyms:  harmful, deleterious, pernicious, detrimental, damaging, destructive, hurtful, bad, noxious, prejudicial, ruinous, adverse

Antonyms: desirable, good, beneficial, helpful, beneficial, favourable, benign, advantageous, salubrious, curative, healing, harmless, healing, healthy

Usage: Smoking is injurious to the health.

Meaning: धूम्रपान स्वास्थ्य के लिए हानिकारक है।

(iii) Submissive (Adj.): ready to conform to the authority or will of others; meekly obedient or passive.

Pronunciation: सब्मिसिव

Hindi Translations: अधीन, आज्ञाकारी, दब्बू, नम्र, वशवर्ती, वश्य, विनीत, विनम्र

Synonyms:  compliant, flexible, tractable, pliant, yielding, responsive, docile, submissive, eceptive manageable, agreeable

Antonyms: stubborn, defiant, obstinate, recalcitrant, intractable, unsusceptible, inflexible, obdurate, irresponsible, mulish, opinionated, unwilling, disobedient

Usage: Some children may be submissive to this approach.

Meaning: कुछ बच्चे इस दृष्टिकोण के लिए आज्ञाकारी हो सकते हैं।

(iv) Unnerve (V.): make (someone) lose courage or confidence.

Pronunciation: अनर्व / अन्नर्व

Hindi Translations: हतोत्साह करना, कमजोर करना, अशक्त करना, असमर्थ करना, शांत लेना, तसल्ली लेना, दिलासा लेना

Synonyms:  disconcert, upset, unsettle, disturb, fluster, perturb, rattle, shake, agitate, frighten, alarm, dismay

Antonyms: encourage, strengthen, reassure, nerve, steel, allay, appease, pacify, placate, sweeten, relieve

Usage: The high house price unnerve ordinary residents.

Meaning: घर की उच्च कीमत सामान्य निवासियों को हतोत्साही करती है।

(v) Traitor (N.): a person who betrays a friend, country, principle, etc.

Pronunciation: ट्रेटर / ट्रैटर

Hindi Translations: राज-द्रोही, पटी, छली, देशद्रोही, विश्वासघातक, विश्वासघाती, ग़द्दार

Synonyms:  betrayer, deserter, renegade, double-crosser, rat, turncoat, apostate, treasonist, recreant, defector, double-dealer, conspirator

Antonyms: loyalist, bro, patriot, supporter, hero, jingoist, paragon, subject, sweetheart, sidekick

Usage: He turned traitor and joined the opposition.

Meaning: वह राज-द्रोही हो गया और विपक्ष में शामिल हो गए।

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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