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Vocab Express- 503

Vocab Express- 503

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express- 502 here

(i) Fume (N.): gas, smoke, or vapor that smells strongly or is dangerous to inhale.

Pronunciation: फ्यूम

Hindi Translations: कोप, धुआं, धूम, भाप, धूआं, तेज गन्ध से युक्त धुआँ, धुआँ छोड़ना, धुवां

Synonyms:  Rage, Seethe, Fret, Smoke, Reek, Foam, Rave, Stew, Tizzy, Sweat, Gas, Snit

Antonyms: Be Calm, Custom, Be Happy, Relax, Pixie Dust

Usage: The ground was hidden by a white fume.

Meaning: जमीन सफेद धुएं से छिप गई थी।

(ii) Rasp (N.): a harsh, grating noise.

Pronunciation: रैस्प

Hindi Translations: काट छाँट कर रेती से चिकना करना, मोटी रेती, कर्कश आवाज़ में बोलना, रेती से घिसना, झंझनाना, कर्कशता, घर्षणी, झंकारना, रेती

Synonyms: Grate, Rub, Scrape, File, Scratch, Chafe, Jar, Scrub, Screech, Rasping, Grating, Squeal

Antonyms: Peace of Mind, Wow, Caress, Rap, Aid, Help, Delight, Murmur, Please, Soothe

Usage: There was a rasp of impatience in his voice.

Meaning: उसकी आवाज में कर्कशता भरी अधीरता थी।

(iii) Irk (V.): irritate; annoy.

Pronunciation: अर्क

Hindi Translations: थकाना, सताना, गुस्सा दिलाना

Synonyms:  Irritate, Annoy, Vex, Bother, Harass, Pester, Nettle, Harry, Gall, Trouble, Torment, Bug

Antonyms: Flabbergast, Delight, Appease, Entertain, Soothe, Please, Mollify, Please, Beguile, Captivate, Conciliate, Assuage, Provide

Usage: The trouble irks me a lot.

Meaning: परेशानी मुझे बहुत गुस्सा दिलाती है।

(iv) Allay (V.): diminish or put at rest (fear, suspicion, or worry).

Pronunciation: अले / अलै

Hindi Translations: घटाना, दबाना, बुना कम करना, शान्त करना, हलका करना, शांत करना, कम कर देना, निराकरण करना

Synonyms:  Assuage, Soothe, Appease, Relieve, Mitigate, Alleviate, Calm, Moderate, Quiet, Mollify, Ease, Pacify

Antonyms: Provoke, Aggravate, Intensify, Stir, Worsen, Agitate, Stimulate, Exacerbate, Excite, Incite, Irritate, Inflame

Usage: The police tried to allay her fears but failed.

Meaning: पुलिस ने उसके डर को दूर करने की कोशिश की लेकिन असफल रही।

(v) Scandalize (V.): shock or horrify (someone) by a real or imagined violation of propriety or morality.

Pronunciation: स्कैन्डलाइज़

Hindi Translations: अपमानित करना, निन्दा करना, बदनाम करना, गपशप करना, अप्रसन्न करना, नाराज़ होना, ग़ुस्से में लाना, स्तंभित करना

Synonyms:  Shock, Offend, Outrage, Slander, Defame, Malign, Appal, Calumniate, Appall, Disgrace, Asperse, Vilify

Antonyms: Commend, Compliment, Praise, Flatter, Honor, Laud, Praise, Compliment, Impress, Derive Pleasure, Please, Allay, Appease, Bleach

Usage: His outspoken views scandalized the nation.

Meaning: उनके स्पष्ट विचारों ने देश को नाराज़ दिया।

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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