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Vocab Express- 518

Vocab Express- 518

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express- 517 here

(i) Abstain (V.): restrain oneself from doing or enjoying something.

Pronunciation: अब्स्टैन / ऐब्स्टेन / ऐब्स्टैन

Hindi Translations: बचना, दूर रहना, से अलग रहना, से परहेज करना, से बाज आना, अलग रहना, निवृत्त होना, परहेज रखना, अलग रखना, मतदान में भाग नहीं लेना, परहेज़ करना

Synonyms:  Forbear, Refrain, Avoid, Shun, Eschew, Decline, Refuse, Evade, Desist, Give Up, Forgo, Withhold

Antonyms: Take, Accept, Consume, Indulge, Vote, Copulate, Have, Trust, Reject, Use, Dine, Enter, Taste

Usage: His doctor ordered him to abstain from oily and spicy food.

Meaning: उनके डॉक्टर ने उन्हें तेल और मसालेदार भोजन से दूर रहने का आदेश दिया।

(ii) Integrate (V.): combine (one thing) with another so that they become a whole.

Pronunciation: इन्टग्रेट / इन्टग्रैट / इनग्रैट

Hindi Translations: सम्पूर्ण करना, संघटित करना, अनुकलन करना, समाहित करना, एकीकरण करना, जोड़ना, संपूर्ण करना, एक करना, संघटित होना

Synonyms:  Combine, Incorporate, Unify, Unite, Merge, Join, Mix, Amalgamate, Desegregate, Embody, Coalesce, Consolidate

Antonyms: Divide, Segregate, Differentiate, Split, Break Down, Disintegrate, Sever, Intervene, Analyze, Intersperse, Isolate, Cut, Bifurcate

Usage: Any suggestions are available to integrate the plan?

Meaning: योजना को एकीकृत करने के लिए कोई सुझाव उपलब्ध है?

(iii) Treacherous (Adj.): guilty of or involving betrayal or deception.

Pronunciation: ट्रेचरस

Hindi Translations: बेवफ़ा, जोखिम भरा, देखने में सुरक्षित पर खतरनाक, द्रऋही, अधर्मी, अविश्वास्य, अस्थिर, कपटी, छली, विश्वासघाती

Synonyms:  Deceitful, Dishonest, Perfidious, Untrustworthy, Disloyal, Traitorous, Faithless, Insidious, Unreliable, Unfaithful, Deceptive

Antonyms: Loyal, Safe, Faithful, Honest, Dependable, Devoted, Devout, Harmless, Reliable, Trustworthy, Forthright

Usage: The frozen snow was treacherous to walk on.

Meaning: जमे हुए बर्फ पर चलना जोखिम भरा था।

(iv) Escalate (V.): increase rapidly.

Pronunciation: एस्कलेट / एस्कलैट

Hindi Translations: बढ़, बढ़ाना, ख़राब करना, तीव्र करना, ख़राब करना, गहरा बनाना

Synonyms:  Increase, Intensify, Rise, Heighten, Grow, Raise, Mount, Climb, Step Up, Ascend, Expand, Soar

Antonyms: Decrease, Lower, Descend, Lessen, Diminish, Weaken, Abbreviate, Curtail, Dwindle, Abate, Improve, Shorten

Usage: Petrol prices are expected to continue to escalate in the short term.

Meaning: पेट्रोल की कीमतें अल्पावधि में बढ़ने की उम्मीद है।

(v) Antagonist (N.): a person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary.

Pronunciation: ऐन्टैगनस्ट / ऐन्टैगनिस्ट

Hindi Translations: अरि, प्रतिद्वंद्वी, प्रतिपक्षी, बैरी, विपक्षी, विरोधी, शत्रु

Synonyms:  Opponent, Adversary, Competitor, Enemy, Foe, Contestant, Rival, Contender, Opposition, Combatant, Assailant, Opposer

Antonyms: Ally, Supporter, Friend, Buddy, Friend, Stranger, Bro, Sidekick, Protagonist, Backer, Hero, Synergist, Advocate, Benefactor

Usage: The rich man remains the natural antagonist of the poor.

Meaning: अमीर आदमी गरीबों का प्राकृतिक प्रतिद्वंद्वी बना हुआ है।

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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