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Vocab Express- 520

Vocab Express- 520

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express- 519 here

(i) Artifice (N.): clever or cunning devices or expedients, especially as used to trick or deceive others.

Pronunciation: आर्टफिस

Hindi Translations: उपाय, कौशल, चाल, चालाकी, छल, धूर्तता, धोखा, फरेब, युक्ति, शिल्पकार, साधन, चाल, लाकी

Synonyms:  stratagem, trick, ruse, deception, wile, subterfuge, manoeuvre, device, trickery, device, ploy, dodge, machination

Antonyms: honesty, innocence, openness, sincerity, truthfulness, frankness, ingenuousness, inability, simplicity, honour, honesty, reality

Usage: However, there is no copying, no artifice.

Meaning: हालांकि, वहा कोई नकल नहीं है, कोई धूर्तता नहीं है।

(ii) Reassure (V.): say or do something to remove the doubts and fears of someone.

Pronunciation: रीअशुअर / रीअशुर

Hindi Translations: समझाना, आश्वासन देना, निर्भय करना, फिर साहस दिलाना, फिर से दृढ़ करना, फिर हिम्मत दिलाना, राज़ी करना, यक़ीन दिलाना, समझाकर राज़ी करना

Synonyms:  encourage, assure, hearten, comfort, cheer, inspire, inspirit, relieve, console, embolden, support, convince

Antonyms: worry, discourage, dishearten, annoy, vex, agitate, upset, discourage, alarm, disturb, scare, discomfit, disconcert

Usage: They tried to reassure her, but she still felt anxious.

Meaning: उन्होंने उसे आश्वस्त करने की कोशिश की, लेकिन उसने अभी भी चिंतित महसूस किया।

(iii) Decency (N.): behaviour that conforms to accepted standards of morality or respectability.

Pronunciation: डीसन्सी

Hindi Translations: शिष्टता, शिष्टाचार, सभ्यता, सुशीलता, आदाब, शऊर, शराफ़त, भद्र व्यवहार, उपयुक्तता, औचित्य, मर्यादा, लज्जा, विनय, शालीनता

Synonyms:  honesty, integrity, morality, virtue, righteousness, propriety, decorum, rectitude, respectability, probity, modesty, kindness, dignity, helpfulness

Antonyms: discourtesy, impropriety, impoliteness, indecency, bad behaviour, corruption, immorality, vulgarity, evil, badness, coarseness, debauchery

Usage: His sense of decency forced him to resign.

Meaning: उनकी शराफ़त की भावना ने उन्हें इस्तीफा देने के लिए मजबूर कर दिया।

(iv) Numinous (Adj.): having a strong religious or spiritual quality; indicating or suggesting the presence of a divinity.

Pronunciation: नूमनस

Hindi Translations: अलौकिक, आध्यात्मिक, ईश्वरीय, दैवी

Synonyms:  spiritual, metaphysical, otherworldly, divine, spiritual, sacred, mystic, holy, spiritual, supernatural, venerable, magical, unworldly, miraculous, super physical, super sensible

Antonyms: secular, profane, normal, fallen, unholy, commonplace, everyday, ordinary, prosaic routine, run-of-the-mill, unexceptional

Usage: Guru led me to a numinous place that day.

Meaning: गुरु मुझे उस दिन एक आध्यात्मिक जगह पर ले गए।

(v) Constrict (V.): make narrower, especially by encircling pressure.

Pronunciation: कन्स्ट्रिक्ट

Hindi Translations: संकुचित या निकुंचित करना, संकुचित करना, संकुचित होना, दबा देना, कसना, दबाना, सिकोड़ना, जकड़ना

Synonyms:  contract, compress, narrow, squeeze, tighten, compact, constringe, shrink, restrain, cramp, pinch, strangle

Antonyms: expand, open, release, loosen, dilate, elongate, extend, dissolve, relax, enlarge, free, let go

Usage: The drug causes the blood vessels to constrict.

Meaning: दवा रक्त वाहिकाओं को संकुचित करने का कारण बनती है।

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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