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Vocab Express- 554

Vocab Express- 554

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express- 553 here

(i) Confute (V.): prove (a person or an assertion) to be wrong.

Pronunciation: कन्फ्यूट

Hindi Translations: व्यर्थ कर देना, खंडन करना, गलत सिद्ध करना, निरुत्तर कर देना, झूठा ठहराना, तरदीद करना

Synonyms:  Refute, Disprove, Rebut, Controvert, Contradict, Negate, Dispute, Deny, Invalidate, Belie, Break, Confound, Oppose, Debate

Antonyms: Affirm, Prove, Attest, Confirm, Endorse, Verify, Admit, Identify, Validate, Accede, Accept, Acknowledge

Usage: I am not trying to confute you.

Meaning: मैं आपको गलत सिद्ध करने की कोशिश नहीं कर रहा हूं।

(ii) Mistrust (N.): the trait of not trusting others, doubt about someone's honesty.

Pronunciation: मिस्ट्रस्ट

Hindi Translations: अविश्वास, शक, शुबहा, संदेह, सन्देह

Synonyms:  Distrust, Doubt, Suspicion, Uncertainty, Misgiving, Question, Scepticism, Apprehension, Qualm, Wariness, Dubiety, Scepticism, Misdoubt, Scruple

Antonyms: Trust, Hope, Faith, Oracle Bones, Belief, Certainty, Confidence, Credit, Assurance, Credence, Reliance, Trustfulness, Sureness, Precept

Usage: Mistrust is no longer a valid excuse to delay the dialogue.

Meaning: बातचीत में देरी करने के लिए अविश्वास अब वैध बहाना नहीं है।

(iii) Expend (V.): spend or use up (a resource such as money, time, or energy).

Pronunciation: इक्स्पेन्ड

Hindi Translations: उठाना, लगाना, खपाना, समाप्त होना, उपभोग करना, खर्च करना, व्यय करना, ख़रचना, उड़ा डालना

Synonyms:  Spend, Consume, Use, Disburse, Use Up, Pay, Exhaust, Dissipate, Waste, Lay Out, Employ, Deplete, Finish, Squander

Antonyms: Save, Conserve, Keep, Hold, Preserve, Provide, Hoard, Protect, Deliver, Detain, Restrain, Withhold, Bespeak

Usage: You'll expend those calories in few hours.

Meaning: आप उन कैलोरी को कुछ घंटों में व्यय करेंगे।

(iv) Alienate (V.): cause (someone) to feel isolated or estranged.

Pronunciation: एल्यनेट / ऐल्यनैट

Hindi Translations: अलगाना, बेचना, हटाना, पृथक करना, खींच लेना, दान करना, दे डालना, हस्तान्तरित करना, हस्तांतरित करना, दूर कर देना, पराया करना

Synonyms:  Estrange, Disunite, Disaffect, Divide, Separate, Part, Alien, Divorce, Deed, Convey, Transfer, Dissociate, Isolate, Segregate

Antonyms: Unite, Conjoin, Endear, Join, Disarm, Dedicate, Draw, Assemble, Be Friendly, Involve, Reunite, Overtake, Encompass, Embody

Usage: No one wanted to alienate farmers in an election year.

Meaning: कोई भी चुनाव के वर्ष में किसानों को अलगाना नहीं चाहता था।

(v) Diminish (V.): make or become less.

Pronunciation: डिमिनिश

Hindi Translations: कम होना, छोटा करना, अपमानित करना, क्षीण करना, कम हो जाना, शक्तिहीन करना, कमी करना, घटना, घटाना, नीचा दिखाना, कम करना

Synonyms:  Reduce, Lessen, Decrease, Abate, Dwindle, Decline, Depreciate, Lower, Wane, Subside, Weaken, Fade, Belittle, Shrink

Antonyms: Increase, Enlarge, Improve, Grow, Expand, Enhance, Develop, Prolong, Extend, Compliment, Praise, Escalate, Magnify, Augment

Usage: I'm trying to diminish expectations.

Meaning: मैं अपेक्षाओं को कम करने की कोशिश कर रहा हूं।

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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