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Vocab Express- 637

Vocab Express- 637

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express- 636 here

(i) Externality (N.): the quality or state of being outside or directed toward or relating to the outside or exterior.

Pronunciation: एक्स्टर्नैलिटी

Hindi Translations: आकार, बाहरीपन, बाह्यता, दृश्य जगत्

Synonyms:  Outwardness, Exteriority, Exterior, Surface, Objectivity, Superficiality, Exteriors, Externalism, Superficies, Facade, Position, Separateness

Antonyms: Bosom, Inwardness, Content, Affection, Amount, Burden, Centre, Centrists, Core, Effect

Usage: There is a need of government intervention to deal with externality.

Meaning: बाहरीता से निपटने के लिए सरकारी हस्तक्षेप की आवश्यकता है।

(ii) Decisive (Adj.): settling an issue; producing a definite result.

Pronunciation: डिसाइसिव

Hindi Translations: अन्तिम, असंदिग्ध, निर्णयात्मक, निर्णायक, निश्चयकारी, निश्चायक, पूरा, स्पष्ट, कड़ा, फ़ैसलाकुन, अंत का

Synonyms:  Conclusive, Resolute, Important, Crucial, Final, Decided, Critical, Firm, Determined, Absolute, Definite, Certain, Positive, Set

Antonyms: Indecisive, Indefinite, Insignificant, Inconclusive, Ambiguous, Uncertain, Hesitant, Ineffective, Conditional, Inconsequential, Questionable, Dubious Trivial

Usage: Next year's budget is the decisive battle.

Meaning: अगले साल का बजट निर्णायक लड़ाई है।

(iii) Crumble (V.): break or fall apart into small fragments, especially over a period of time as part of a process of deterioration.

Pronunciation: क्रम्बल

Hindi Translations: टुकड़े-टुकड़े करना, झुर्री डालना, टुकड़े-टुकड़े होना, विशीर्ण होना, गिर पड़ना, चिह्न डालना, चूर्ण होना, झुर्री पड़ना, चूर चूर करना

Synonyms:  Disintegrate, Decay, Rot, Collapse, Crush, Break Down, Decompose, Deteriorate, Break Up, Degenerate, Decline, Fragment, Powder

Antonyms: Build, Put Together, Improve, Develop, Add Value, Cope, Abide, Accomplish, Surge, Manage, Resist

Usage: Crumble the cheese and set aside.

Meaning: पनीर को टुकड़े टुकड़े करें और एक तरफ सेट करें।

(iv) Pragmatic (Adj.): dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.

Pronunciation: प्रैग्मैटिक

Hindi Translations: व्यावहारिक, हस्तक्षेप करने वाला, परकार्य चर्चक, हाथ डालने वाला, व्यवहारमूलक, गुस्ताख, तथ्यात्मक, धृष्ट, यथातथ्य

Synonyms:  Practical, Realistic, Matter-Of-Fact, Reasonable, Sensible, Logical, Utilitarian, Down-To-Earth, Hard-Headed, Prudent, Hard-Nosed, Level-Headed

Antonyms: Impractical, Idealistic, Romantic, Sentimental, Unrealistic, Naive, Unreasonable, Impracticable, Inefficient, Visionary, Proud, Ideal

Usage: He probably would be considered too pragmatic.

Meaning: वह शायद बहुत व्यावहारिक माना जाएगा।

(v) Sway (N.): a rhythmical movement from side to side.

Pronunciation: स्वे / स्वै

Hindi Translations: शासन, हिलाव, बोलबाला, अधिकार, आधिपत्य, घुमाव, प्रभाव, प्रभुता, राज्य, लचक

Synonyms:  Influence, Control, Rule, Swing, Authority, Rock, Command, Mastery, Shake, Sovereignty, Leadership, Wobble, Dominion, Ascendancy

Antonyms: Weakness, Powerlessness, Inability, Inefficiency, Subjection

Usage: The old communist party still holds sway in many rural areas.

Meaning: पुरानी कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी का अभी भी कई ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में बोलबाला है।

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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