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Vocab Express- 645

Vocab Express- 645

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express- 644 here

(i) Startle (V.): cause (a person or animal) to feel sudden shock or alarm.

Pronunciation:  स्टार्टल

Hindi Translations: काँपना, चौंकना, चौंकाना, डरना, डराना, प्रेरित करना, चौंक जाना, चौंक पड़ना, चौंका देना, बिदकाना, हैरत में डालना

Synonyms:  Shock, Astonish, Surprise, Astound, Scare, Alarm, Dismay, Frighten, Amaze, Stun, Stagger, Jump, Start, Terrify

Antonyms: Comfort, Calm, Expect, Compose, Alleviate, Subdue, Conciliate, Appease, Pacify, Bore, Mitigate, Alleviate

Usage: The news will startle the City.

Meaning: समाचार शहर को चौंका देगा।

(ii) Reformation (N.): the action or process of reforming an institution or practice.

Pronunciation:  रेफर्मेशन / रेफर्मैशन

Hindi Translations: सुधार, उद्धार, दुरुस्ती, शोधन, सुधराव, बुराइयों की दुरुस्ती

Synonyms:  Restoration, Change, Alteration, Reform, Reclamation, Repair, Renewal, Regeneration, Transformation, Rehabilitation, Conversion Amendment, Improvement, Rebirth

Antonyms: Ruin, Worsening

Usage: During and after the Reformation, attitudes changed more quickly.

Meaning: सुधार के दौरान और बाद में, मनोवृत्ति अधिक तेज़ी से बदल गई।

(iii) Endure (V.): suffer (something painful or difficult) patiently.

Pronunciation:  एन्डुर / एन्ड्युर / इन्डुर

Hindi Translations: चलना, झेलना, टिकना, भुगतना, भोगना, रहना, सहना, दृढ़ रहना, बना रहना, सहन करना, गम खाना, टिके रहना

Synonyms:   Last, Bear, Suffer, Stand, Tolerate, Survive, Abide, Continue, Persist, Withstand, Undergo, Put Up With, Brook, Experience

Antonyms: Enjoy, Cease, Discontinue, Succumb, Perish, Oppose, Dismiss, Refuse, Fear, Desist

Usage: He can't endure being defeated.

Meaning: वह पराजित होना सहन नहीं कर सकता।

(iv) Flutter (V.): an act of fluttering.

Pronunciation:  फ्लटर

Hindi Translations: हवा में हिलना, घड़कना, तेज़ रफ्तार से धड़कना, तड़पना, फटफटाना, फड़फड़ाना, लहराना, उड़ना, धड़कना, फड़फड़ाना, घबड़ा देना, पर फड़फड़ाना

Synonyms:  Quiver, Shake, Wave, Flap, Flurry, Tremble, Flicker, Flit, Throb, Waver, Palpitate, Shiver, Fluctuate

Antonyms: Be Still, Calm, Remain, Soothe, Stay, Steady

Usage: She smiled and fluttered her eyelashes.

Meaning: वह मुस्कुराई और उसने पलकें झपकायीं।

(v) Senile (Adj.): (of a person) having or showing the weaknesses or diseases of old age, especially a loss of mental faculties.

Pronunciation:  सीनाइल

Hindi Translations: जराजीर्ण, बूढ़ा, बुढ़ापे का, बुढ़ापे के कारण सठियाया हुआ, जरा-जीर्ण, बूढ़ों का सा, वृद्धावस्था-संबंधी

Synonyms:   Old, Aged, Decrepit, Doddering, Infirm, Feeble, Elderly, Sick, Ancient, Doddery, Weak, Gaga

Antonyms: Young, Alert, Well

Usage: Don't mind the old lady. She's getting senile.

Meaning: बूढ़ी औरत का बुरा मत मानना। वह बुढ़ापे के कारण सठिया गई है।

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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