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Vocab Express- 679

Vocab Express- 679

Dear Aspirants,

To enhance your vocabulary here are 5 new words. Use these words to improve Written and Spoken English skills. In case you have missed out on our previous Vocab Express, we would strongly advise you to read it.

Read the Vocab Express- 678 here

(i) Stratagem (N.): a plan or scheme, especially one used to outwit an opponent or achieve an end.

Pronunciation:  स्ट्रैटजम

Hindi Translations: कपट, चाल, छल, तिकड़म, दांव-पेंच, युक्ति, मोरचाबंदी, मोचा-बंदी, शत्रु को ठगने का उपाय

Synonyms:  Ruse, Artifice, Trick, Subterfuge, Ploy, Dodge, Manoeuvre, Device, Deception, Wile, Plot, Scheme, Machination

Antonyms: Counsel, Honor, Truth, Honesty, Truthfulness, Artlessness, Inactivity, Openness, Reality, Stagnation

Usage: The party secretary was a master of stratagem.

Meaning: पार्टी सचिव दांव-पेंच के मास्टर थे।

(ii) Pompous (Adj.): affectedly and irritatingly grand, solemn, or self-important.

Pronunciation:  पाम्पस

Hindi Translations: आडंबरपूर्ण, गर्वित, तालाब, प्रतापी, शानदार, अति प्रतापी, विभवयुक्त

Synonyms:  Arrogant, Pretentious, Haughty, Grandiloquent, Conceited, Highfalutin, Bombastic, Uppity, Grandiose, Inflated, Self-Important, Affected, Vain, Presumptuous

Antonyms: Modest, Humble, Unassuming, Unpretentious, Demure, Submissive, Inconspicuous, Lowly, Deferential

Usage: I found him pompous and annoying.

Meaning: मैंने उसे आडम्बरपूर्ण और कष्टप्रद पाया।

(iii) Subterfuge (N.): deceit used in order to achieve one's goal.

Pronunciation:  सब्टर्फ्यूज

Hindi Translations: जोड़-तोड़, दाँव-पेंच, उपाय, चाल, छल, धोखा, बहाना, टाल मटोल, टाल-मटूल

Synonyms:  Trick, Stratagem, Artifice, Ruse, Dodge, Deception, Device, Ploy, Evasion, Wile, Manoeuvre, Machination, Pretext

Antonyms: Honesty, Openness

Usage: Reporters often use subterfuge to obtain material for stories.

Meaning: रिपोर्टर अक्सर कहानियों की सामग्री प्राप्त करने के लिए दाँव-पेंच का उपयोग करते हैं।

(iv) Comply (V.): (of a person or group) act in accordance with a wish or command.

Pronunciation:  कम्प्लाइ

Hindi Translations: मानना, पालन करना, स्वीकार करना, अनुपालन करना, आज्ञापालन करना, आदेश या कानून के अनुसार करना, इच्छा पूरा करना

Synonyms:  Obey, Conform, Acquiesce, Agree, Yield, Fulfill, Consent, Submit, Follow, Observe, Accept, Accede, Concur

Antonyms: Disobey, Refuse, Defy, Infringe, Ignore, Resist, Dare, Govern, Rebel, Revolt, Riot, Rise

Usage: All of us are expected to comply with the law.

Meaning: हम सभी से कानून का पालन करने की अपेक्षा की जाती है।

(v) Autarchy (N.): a political system governed by a single individual. Economic independence as a national policy.

Pronunciation:  ऑटार्की

Hindi Translations: निरंकुश शासन

Synonyms:  Monarchy, Autarky, Autocracy, Despotism, Dictatorship, Self-Sufficiency, Absolutism, Monocracy, Tyranny, Totalitarianism, Independence

Antonyms: Democracy, Commonwealth, Republic, Community, Democratic Society, Land, Acres, Area

Usage: How to support autarchy and corrupt democracy?

Meaning: निरंकुशता और भ्रष्ट लोकतंत्र का समर्थन कैसे करें?

Try a quick exercise on Antonyms and Synonyms to get simple problems to ensure that you have mastered these concepts.

Hope this was helpful.

All the best!!!

OT Team

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