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WEST BENGAL GOVERNMENT TO SET UP A LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL

WEST BENGAL GOVERNMENT TO SET UP A LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL

Context

Recently, the West Bengal government has decided to set up a Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad).

Details

To set up the Council, a Bill has to be introduced in the Assembly and then a nod from the Governor is required.

States having a Legislative Council: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka

How is the Legislative Council created?

  • As per Article 169 of the Indian Constitution, the Parliament can abolish a Legislative Council (where it already exists) or create it (where it does not exist) by a simple majority, that is, a majority of the members of each House present and voting, if the legislative assembly of the concerned state, by a special majority, passes a resolution to that effect.
  • Under Article 171 of the Constitution, the Legislative Council of a state shall not have more than one-third of the total strength of the State Assembly, and not less than 40 members.

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