Bookmark Bookmark

World Crocodile Day 2022

Context: June 17th is observed as World Crocodile Day every year. 


World Crocodile Day aims to highlight the plight of endangered crocodiles and alligators worldwide. The global day has been observed since 2017 and was started by the Crocodile Research Coalition in collaboration with Belize Zoo. June 17th is observed as World Crocodile Day every year. 

Crocodiles are large semiaquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Australia. There are 23 known crocodile species, of which 7 are currently listed as Critically Endangered, 4 as Vulnerable, and 12 as Least Risk as per the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 

Crocodilian Species Found in India: 

Mugger: They are restricted to the Indian subcontinent and generally found in freshwater habitats (lakes, marshes, rivers, etc.). Habitat destruction, fragmentation and transformation, fishing activities and the use of crocodile parts for medicinal purposes are the causes of their vulnerable status. This species of crocodile are already extinct in Myanmar and Bhutan. 

Saltwater Crocodile (estuarine crocodile): They are also known as a maneater; the saltwater crocodiles are believed to be the largest crocodile species living on Earth. They are found in Odisha’s Bhitarkanika National Park, the Sundarbans in West Bengal and the Andamans and Nicobar Islands. They can also be found across Southeast Asia and northern Australia.

Its reputation as a maneater is one of the biggest reasons for its hunting and a threat to its existence. It is also hunted for its skin, and another major cause of its decorating population is habitat loss. IUCN status is Least Concern. 

Gharial: They are the longest of all living crocodilians. The Chambal river in the northern slopes of the Vindhya mountains is the primary habitat of gharials. The gharial population is estimated to have declined from 5,000–10,000 individuals in 1946 to fewer than 250 individuals in 2006. IUCN status is Critically Endangered. 

You might be interested:

One Health Project

Context: Karnataka will be one of two States where the ‘One Health’ programme will be piloted, the other State being Uttarakhand.     The ‘One Health’ programme ...

2 weeks ago

Ultra-Thin Heteroprotein Films

Context: As per the recent research, newly developed ultrathin heteroprotein film is a better alternative to isolated protein films.  About Ultra-Thin Heteroprotein Films:  Scientists have r ...

2 weeks ago

Mitticool Refrigerator

Context: Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) develops an Indian Standard for 'Non-electric cooling cabinet made of clay'.  About Mitticool Refrigerator:  Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has de ...

2 weeks ago

One Liners of the Day, 17 June 2022

National Affairs:  As per the recent study by the Delhi-based RMSI, Kottayam is the most prone to lightning fatalities among the 14 districts in Kerala.  The United States has announced a f ...

2 weeks ago

Bharat Gaurav Policy

Context: India’s first privately-run Bharat Gaurav train was recently launched under the Bharat Gaurav Policy.  About Bharat Gaurav Policy:  Any operator, service provider, or virtual ...

2 weeks ago

India’s First Privately-Run Bharat Gaurav Train

Context: India’s first privately-run Bharat Gaurav train started between Coimbatore North to Sainagar Shirdi. Key Points:  India’s first privately-run Bharat Gaurav train will run be ...

2 weeks ago

Provide your feedback on this article: