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WORLD DOWN SYNDROME DAY

Context

World Down Syndrome Day is observed on March 21. Since 2006, this day has been commemorated annually.

Key Points

  • March 21 was chosen to commemorate this day since 21 represents the triplication of the 21st chromosome, which causes Down syndrome.
  • World Down Syndrome Day is commemorated to raise public awareness about Down syndrome.
  • Down syndrome babies have one extra chromosome, which affects how the baby's body and brain grow. In the bodies of babies with Down syndrome, there is an additional chromosome called Chromosome 21.
  • Compared to other youngsters, those with Down syndrome have a low IQ and speak slowly.

Background

  • The inaugural commemoration of this day took place in 2006. That year, the Brazilian Federation of Down Syndrome Associations collaborated with Down Syndrome International to begin a campaign to raise awareness of the disease.
  • In 2011, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution designating March 21 as World Down Syndrome Day.
  • The United Nations General Assembly agreed that this day would be commemorated yearly, beginning in 2012.

Theme of 2022

  • "Inclusion Means" has been chosen as this year's World Down Syndrome Day theme. This topic was chosen to ensure that persons with Down syndrome are included and that they are not discriminated against.

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