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WORLD HABITAT DAY: OCTOBER 4

WORLD HABITAT DAY: OCTOBER 4

Context:

Every year on October 4, 2021, World Habitat Day is observed.This day is an initiative of the United Nations. This day is celebrated with the aim to promote the basic right of adequate shelter and housing for everyone across the world which is densely populated and has been affected due to rapid urbanisation.

About the Day:

  • This day is observed on the 1st Monday of October, every year.
  • The World Habitat Day 2021 theme “Accelerating urban action for a carbon-free world”.

History of the Day:

  • In 1985, the decision to observe World Habitat Day annually was taken by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). After the decision, the 1st World Habitat Day was observed in Nairobi, Kenya in 1986 on the theme “ ‘Shelter is my right’.

Importance of the Day:

  • The observance of such a day is significant in terms of population density (diversity), poverty, climate crisis and natural disasters have posed a threat to the quality of living. There is an absence of proper building techniques. Poor infrastructure has led to crisis, insecurity, and chaotic situations. Unplanned cities, rapid urbanisation and its adverse effects on the environment led to numerous  problems such as the shelter crisis. 70% of the global carbon dioxide emissions come from the urban greenhouse gas emissions.Thus, the day becomes significant to find a solution and to come up with appropriate shelter provisions.

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