Guest
Welcome, Guest

Login/Register

Bookmark Bookmark

World Malaria Day

World Malaria Day

World Malaria Day is observed globally on 25 April to recognize and celebrate worldwide efforts to control and raise awareness about malaria.

In 2019, the annual event has activities and a campaign around the theme "Zero Malaria Starts with Me”.

Every year, World Malaria Day marks an opportunity for local and global public health organisations to engage with civil society, private sector, academic institutions, and global leaders in ramping up and fighting to eradicate the life-threatening disease entirely.

Progress in Malaria treatment:

1. Gene Drive

  • Gene Drive is a method of introducing a modified gene variant into a swarm of gene-edited mosquitoes that eventually makes subsequent generations of mosquitos with gene-edited parents, sterile.
  • In regions where cases of malaria are very high, the mosquitos, specifically the female Anopheles mosquitoes responsible for carrying malaria-causing parasites from infected to healthy people, reproduce rapidly.
  • The gene drive is a clever use of gene-editing technology to make these noxious malaria-causing mosquitoes sterile.
  • Over many years, the gene drive could lead to mosquitoes being eradicated entirely (which sounds undeniably pleasant) but could cause irreversible changes to the natural ecosystem.

2. RTS-S

  • As the WHO marks World Malaria Day, April 25, Malawi has launched the pilot phase of Africa's first ever malaria vaccine.
  • Known as RTS-S, the vaccine is only helpful for children younger than 2 who receive four doses, at the ages of 5 months, 6 months, 7 months and 22 months.
  • It took more than 30 years and nearly $1 billion to develop a vaccine against malaria.

How is Malaria caused?

  • Malaria is a life-threatening vector-borne disease caused by parasites of the genus Plasmodium.
  • The parasites spread via the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito (also called Marsh Mosquito) that has been already infected with the malarial parasite.
  • The initial symptoms of the infection generally include fever, headache, and chills.
  • Children suffering from this condition may also develop a few other symptoms such as severe anaemia, respiratory distress, and cerebral malaria.

You might be interested:

India to stop Importing Crude Oil from Iran

India to stop Importing Crude Oil from Iran In the backdrop of the US refusal to extend the sanctions waiver for India to import crude from Iran, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has taken th ...

4 weeks ago

World Immunization Week 2019

World Immunization Week 2019 To promote the importance of vaccination and immunization, the world celebrates World Immunisation Week, initiated by the efforts of World Health Organisation. The Immunis ...

4 weeks ago

Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2019

Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2019 The second edition of Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize was awarded to author Rana Dasgupta for his 2010 novel "Solo", a tale of estrangement and the ultimate ...

4 weeks ago

Insight Mars lander detects likely Marsquake

Insight Mars lander detects likely Marsquake NASA’s Mars Lander InSight has recorded its first ‘Marsquake.’ It has recorded a quake of 2 or 2.5 magnitude which is hard to predict on ...

4 weeks ago

Daily News Digest:25 April 2019

Topic of the day: Arab Spring 2.0 It seems what has been left undone in Arab Spring 2011 has got momentum now and probably more regimes are under threat since the uprising uprooted the authoritarian r ...

4 weeks ago

Banking Digest, 26 April 2019

Days in Focus World Book Day - 23 April. Economy The cumulative balance in …… Jan Dhan accounts has now been reached INR 97665.66 crore as on the April 3 - 35.29 crore. ...

4 weeks ago

Provide your feedback on this article: