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WORLD POLIO DAY - OCTOBER 24

WORLD POLIO DAY - OCTOBER 24

Context:

World Polio Day is celebrated on October 24 every year to raise awareness about the polio vaccine and to eradicate polio.

The theme of World Polio Day 2021 is “Delivering on a Promise.”

About the Day:

  • World Polio Day was established by Rotary International ten years ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk who led the first team to make the polio vaccine.
  • As per WHO use of the poliovirus vaccine and the use of the oral poliovirus, developed by Albert Sabin, led to the formation of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988. As of 2013, GPEI had reduced polio worldwide by 99%.

About Polio:

  • It is a debilitating and potentially fatal disease.
  • There is no cure, but there are safe and effective vaccines.
  • polio can be prevented by vaccination.
  • The polio vaccine, given many times, is likely to protect the child for the rest of his life.

Causes of Polio:

  • It is caused by an RNA virus, where 85% of the infections are paralytic.
  • Poliovirus is most commonly spread in areas where there is poor sanitation.
  • The virus can be spread through contaminated food and water and from people’s faeces.
  • Direct contact with the poliovirus-infected person can cause poliomyelitis.

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