# Aptitude - Aptitude-Profit Loss

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30% loss on cost price in what percent loss on selling price?

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Loss = 30% on CP i.e., 0.3CP => SP = 0.7CP Loss % on SP = loss/SP X 100 = 0.3CP/0.7CP X 100 = 42.85%.

By selling some cloth at the cost price a merchant still gained 191/21%. How much less cloth does he measure for a meter ?

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Profit % = 19 1/21 => 1.19047. Let he measure x cm for 100 cm. Then, 100/x = 1.19047 => x=84 cm So he measures 16 cm less for every meter

Swapna bought 15 apples for Rs.10 and sold them at the rate of 12 apples for Rs.12. What is the percentage of profit made by her?

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She got profit => profit % = 15/10 X 12/12 = 1.5 => 50%.

P sold an article for Rs.1080 thereby losing 10% Q sold another article for Rs.1800 at a loss of 10%. Who incurred a greater loss ?

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For P, SP=1080 and loss=10% => CP = 1080/0.9 =1200 => loss = 1200-1080 = 120. For Q, SP=1800 and loss=10% => CP = 1800/0.9 = 2000 => loss = 2000-1800 = 200.

A dealer professes to sell his goods at cost price and uses an 880gm weight instead of a kg. What is his percentage of gain ?

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