On the behalf of UGC, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts National Eligibility Test (NET) twice a year to determine the eligibility for lectureship at college and university level and for award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals.  

UGC NET/JRF: Introduction,Eligibity Criteria, Age Limit

What is NET?

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts the National Eligibility Test (NET) in 84 subjects across 90 cities in India. The candidates who qualify for the award of Junior Research Fellowship are eligible to pursue research in the subject of their post-graduation or in a related subject and are also eligible for Assistant Professor. The universities, institutions, IITs and other national organizations may select the JRF awardees for whole time research work in accordance with the procedure prescribed by them.

What is JRF?

Junior Research Fellowship is offered to the eligible and selected candidates to receive fellowship of UGC under various schemes. The validity period of the fellowship is two years w.e.f. the date of issue of JRF Award Letter.  If a candidate has already joined M.Phil / PhD, the date of commencement of fellowship shall be from the date of declaration of NET result or date of his /her joining, whichever is later.

The award of JRF and Eligibility for Assistant Professor both OR Eligibility for Assistant Professor primarily depends on the performance of the candidate in all three papers of NET.


What is the UGC NET Eligibility Criteria?

  1. General Category Candidates –  at least 55% marks in Master’s Degree (Or) equivalent exam from universities/institutions recognised by UGC 
  2.  OBC (Non­creamy Layer) /SC/ST/PWD Category candidates - at least 50% marks in Master’s degree or equivalent exam from universities/institutions recognised by UGC 
  3. Candidates who have appeared OR will be appearing at the qualifying Master’s degree (final year) exam and whose result is still awaited or candidates whose qualifying examinations have been delayed may also apply for this test. Howsoever, it is necessary for them to fulfil the category wise criteria pertaining to marks. 


What is the Age Limit of UGC NET/JRF?

 (i) Junior Research Fellowship: Not more than 28 years as on 1st july of the year of applying

(ii) Assistant Professor: No upper age limit


Age Relaxation

 1. 5 years – for the candidates belonging to OBC / SC/ST/PWD categories and to women applicants.

 2. 5 years – For candidates having relevant research experience and based on production of a certificate from appropriate        authority.

 3. 3 years - For the candidates possessing LLM degree 

 However, total age relaxation on the above ground(s) shall not exceed five years under any circumstances.


What are the top 10 subjects that give highest no of selections in UGC NET?










 Political Science



How to prepare for UGC Net Exam?

More than 75% of UGC NET examination questions are from the content of UGC NET syllabus. The syllabus is very vast and each part of the syllabus calls for a detailed strategy which may be unique for each candidate. However, Onlinetyari has set out a new initiative wherein we guide UGC NET aspirants by providing detailed strategies to tackle the UGC NET Exam. Kindly refer to our blog for detailed strategies. You can reach that through the following links:

National Eligibility Test (NET) Exam Pattern –

The test consists of three papers. All the papers contain objective type questions. The pattern of the paper is as follows -





Number of Question





60 out of which 50  question to be attempted

1¼ Hours (09:30 A.M. to 10:45 A.M.)




50 questions all are  compulsory

1¼ Hours (11:15 A.M. to 12:30 P.M.)




75 questions all are  compulsory

2½ Hours (02:00 P.M. to 04:30 P.M.)


What is the Syllabus of UGC NET?

The Test will consist of three papers having objective type questions. Paper-1 is common for all. Other two paper are optional subject based.

Syllabus of Paper I i.e. Teaching and Research Aptitude is as follows:

1. Teaching Aptitude

  • Teaching: Nature, Objective, Characteristics and basic requirements
  • learner's  Characteristics
  • Factors affecting teaching
  • Methods of teaching
  • Teaching aids
  • Evaluation Systems

2. Research Aptitude

  • Research: Meaning, Characteristics and types
  • Steps of Research
  • Methods of Research
  • Research Ethics
  • Paper, article, workshop, seminar, conference and symposium
  • Thesis writing: its Characteristics and format

3. Reading Comprehension

  •  A passage to be set with questions to be answered.

4. Communication

  • Communications : Nature, Characteristics,types, barriers and effective classroom communications.

5. Reasoning(Including Mathematical)

  • Number series; letter series;codes;
  • Relationship; Classification

6. logical Reasoning

  • Understanding the structure of arguments
  • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning
  • Verbal analogies : World analogies-Applied analogy
  • Verbal Classification
  • Reasoning logical Diagrams:Simple diagrammatic relationship, Multi diagrammatic relationship
  • Venn diagram; Analytical Reasoning

7. Data Interpretation

  • Sources, acquisition and Interpretation of data
  • Quantitative and Qualitative data
  • Graphical Representation and Mapping of data

8. Information and communication Technology(ICT)

  • ICT : Meaning, advantage, disadvantage and uses
  • General abbreviations and terminology
  • Basic Internet and e-mailing

9. People and Environment

  • People and Environment Interaction
  • Sources of Pollution
  • Pollutants and their impact on human life, exploitation of natural and Energy resources
  • Natural hazards and mitigation

10. Higher education system: Governance, polity and Administrations

  • Structure of the institutions for higher learning and research in India; formal and distance education; professional/technical and general education; Value education;Governance,polity and administration; concept, institutions and their interactions. 

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